Glutathione, a tripeptide consisting of the amino acids glycine, L-cysteine and L-gutamic linked together by chemical bonds, is biosynthesized in the liver. It has strong antioxidant properties which protect cells from damage from free radicals. Since it is made in the liver, it is not considered an essential amino acid. In addition, it is found in fruits, vegetables and meats. The amount found in our cells does start to decrease after twenty.
In addition, to being one of the most powerful antioxidants, glutathione helps the liver to process toxins, helps with DNA and protein synthesis, and regulates both the nitric oxide cycle and the metabolism of iron.
Based on limited studies that look at glutathione and athletic performance, glutathione may provide the following benefits for athletes:
- Rapidly and safely increase energy
- Provide nutrients for muscles
- Decrease muscle fatigue
- Decrease recovery time
- Strengthen the immune system
- Protect against injury and speed up the healing process of an injury
- Lessen stress on muscles
- Reduce inflammation
- Enhance performance through increased endurance and stamina